Author Archive: Farhad Hassan Abdullah

Farhad Hassan Abdullah

is an Editor in Chief at the Kurdistan Conflict and Crisis Research Centre and a lecturer at the University of Sulaimani, Department of Politics and International Relations / in Iraqi Kurdistan. He holds an M.A. in Strategic and Defense Studies from the University of Malaya, Malaysia. Address: Sulaimanyah – Kurdistan Region – Iraq Email: farhad.abdul@univsul.edu.iq

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PUK – Gorran Relations in Post Kurdish Referendum: A New Phase of Conflict in Green Zone

The Kurdish referendum in September 2017 not only lost plenty of gains earned since 2003, but also brought about a deep political dichotomy between and inside the prominent political parties in the region. The post-referendum Kurdish politics in the Green Zone (the PUK dominated zone) shifted from an alliance to antagonism, particularly between the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and the Movement for Change (Gorran). This article will discuss the political rivalry between the two parties in the Green Zone since the Kurdish referendum period, as well as intra-disputes amongst the various factions of PUK and its implications upon their…
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Peshmerga Forces Between Unification and Division

As one of the oldest armed forces in Iraq, Peshmerga dates back to the early 20th century, although its paramilitary roots had arisen in the late 19th century. The Peshmerga forces initially formed among Kurdish tribes in northern Iraq and are now a part of the Iraqi defence system. However, among others political crises and lack of trust remain obstacles to the unification of Peshmerga forces. During much of the late 20th century, the Peshmerga used guerrilla tactics in their war against Iraqi forces. Some Peshmerga forces led by Mustafa Barzani, the previous leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), while others were…
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