Author Archive: Hakim Khatib

Hakim Khatib

is a political scientist and analyst works as a lecturer for politics and culture of the Middle East, intercultural communication and journalism at Fulda University of Applied Sciences and Phillips University Marburg. Hakim is the editor-in-chief of the Mashreq Politics and Culture Journal (MPC Journal).

Assad’s Foreign Fighters

Assad’s Foreign Fighters

While the danger posed by foreign fighters flooding into Syria has become a central point in world media and research, this focus was more likely to concentrate on Islamically-flavoured extremists and their globally Jihadist ideology. Much less attention was given to those who fight beside Assad regime, who indeed espouse an extremist ideology but with a different flavor. As much as Assad relies on Russian fighters, warplanes and destructive force, he also relies on Iran’s money and Shiite foreign fighters from a variety of countries.

Assad and the rise of ISIS

Assad and the rise of ISIS

A link between Bashar Assad regime and the rise of the so-called Islamic State does not come as a surprise to many Syrians. Unlike the image the regime has been trying to sell to world media that Assad is fighting ISIS, there is well-documented evidence of the Assad dictatorship’s contributions to the ISIS tale of terror. Both former Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and Assad released al-Qaeda-affiliated prisoners in 2011 in their respective countries, which was instrumental to the rise of ISIS. So far, research has shown that releasing Jihadist extremists correlates with the increase of the number of arrests…
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Iran's Crown Prince Abbas Mirza, c.1820. (Photo: Getty)

Muslim Majority World Did Liberalise Indeed

I am quite used to people smirking into their sleeves when they hear that I’ve just written a book called The Islamic Enlightenment. The really helpful wags say they expect something along the lines of The Wit and Wisdom of Spiro Agnew, which was billed as a collection of all the memorable aphorisms of the former US vice-president, and contained only blank pages. So, the Islamic Enlightenment — good for a laugh. But we’re all familiar with the serious argument that lies behind the jests; that Islam has not been through an Enlightenment, a Reformation, or any of the other rites of…
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Jihadists (Picture: Getty Images)

Why Global Jihadism Remains Notorious

Global Jihadism, also known as Jihadist extremism, remains the most highlighted form of violent extremism today. It refers to actions justified by a particular interpretation of Islam, forming a worldwide violent ideological movement. The actors of global Jihadism can be organised individuals, groups, networks or organisations. Stories covering terrorist attacks committed by al-Qaeda and very recently ISIS militants in Europe and North America have swept Westerns and Eastern mainstream media since 1990s. Although it is unequivocal that most attacks – including some public executions of ‘spies’ or other enemies – were carried out in West Asia and North Africa, focus remains persistent…
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It was once the largest and wealthiest city in Europe, and a series of stunning postcard images now reveals what life was like on its streets. The ancient architecture of Constantinople, in Turkey, is shown in the pictures, taken in the last years before the fall of the Ottoman Empire, and carefully restored to add colour.

Final Days of Ottoman Empire’s Istanbul in Coloured Pictures

It was once the largest and wealthiest city in Europe, and a series of stunning postcard images now reveals what life was like on its streets. The ancient architecture of Constantinople, in Turkey, is shown in the pictures, taken in the last years before the fall of the Ottoman Empire, and carefully restored to add colour. Constantinople, before it was renamed Istanbul in 1930, was the Turkish capital and a crucial international trade route, integral to the empire. 

Radicalisation between Prevention and Instrumentalisation of Religion - MPC Journal - Hakim Khatib

Radicalisation between Prevention and Instrumentalisation of Religion

While forms of radicalisation have been on the rise worldwide, some young Muslims, especially in European prisons, seem to get caught up in religious fundamentalism, and increasingly become entangled in Jihadist ideologies such as that of ISIS. Among other things, the increase of terrorist attacks and populism in Europe have made it more necessary to understand the ideological currents leading to extremism, as well as the political discourse around strategies of preventing radicalisation. This article addresses the following four points: The definition of radicalisation as a phenomenon, the definition of instrumentlisation of religion, religiously framed countermeasures to radicalisation, and the…
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hoto: Neo-Nazi protestors organised by the National Socialist Movement demonstrate near the grand opening ceremonies were held for the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Education Center on 19 April 2009 (AFP)

Radicalisation of White Youngsters: It’s Time to Talk About It

White supremacy swept to power the day Donald Trump was elected president of the United States. His most ardent supporters championed him across the world. For them, Trump signalled the resurgence of white male dominance and they weren’t ashamed to celebrate it. Their influence is growing. Following Trump’s executive order to ban citizens from seven predominantly Muslim countries from entering the US – a decree overturned by federal courts – white nationalists took to Reddit to express their joy. Trump, it seemed, was the real deal. One user even said that he was so proud of Trump that he couldn’t possibly “raise his…
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Man and Woman Sentenced to Death by Stoning in Iran

Local media in Iran have reported on a woman and a man who were both recently sentenced to death by stoning on the charge of adultery. According to a report by the news site Kashkan, the man’s initials are Kh.A. and the woman’s initials are S.M. The stoning sentences were issued by the first branch of the criminal court in the province of Lorestan (western Iran). The lawyers for these two unidentified prisoners have twenty days from the time the sentences were issued to file appeals with Iran’s Supreme Court. The report cites an unidentified source who claims that the…
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