Towards the end of February 2019, coalition troops engaged in the assault on Islamic State’s last stronghold – Baghuz on the banks of the Euphrates in eastern Syria – made a gruesome discovery. Dumped in dustbins they found the heads of 50 Yazidi women who had been forced to act as sex slaves to the jihadists. Bloodthirsty and utterly inhumane to the last, they had decapitated the women before fleeing.
Tag Archive: Kurdistan
Introduction From the establishment of the Turkish State in 1923 by its founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk until 1974, the Turkish government had opposed the rights and demands of its Kurdish population. In 2013 after almost four decades of conflict, a cease in hostilities was announced between the Turkish state and Kurdish militants of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). However, the ceasefire between the two sides did not last. After the success of the Peoples Democratic Party (HDP) in Turkey’s 2015-elections, the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan unilaterally announced the end of Turkey’s cease-fire with the PKK resuming the conflict between…
“Various Iraqi governments employed brutal methods against the Kurds: Denial of Kurdish identity, de-Kurdification, oppression, the creation of security belts, transfer of population, and, in some cases, even ethnic cleansing.” Introduction For the greater part of the twentieth century, the Kurdish society of Iraq had been systematically oppressed by the Sunni Arab political leaders, who attempted to embed a homogenous Sunni Iraqi identity. This process of marginalization of the Kurdish identity started with the creation of the Iraqi state in 1921 and persisted until the overthrow of Saddam’s regime by US-led coalition forces in 2003. The main question here is: Why did…
Having won the two times popular vote in 1991 and 2005 elections, the PUK is now becoming the third largest party in Kurdistan region. Lack of vision as well as dominance of personal interests at the expense of the party’s led to the emergence of the KDP as a decisive force. The PUK still has the potential to rise and become a key player in the game, but it requires a strong leadership and clear policies, two components the party is still missing. These missing components and intra-conflicts made the PUK adopt controversially inconsistent policies compared to its rival the KDP.
The Kurds in Iraq have been running their government since the uprising in 1991 against the dictatorial regime Of Sadam Hussein. It means that they have been governing their territory for about 26 years. Throughout this period of time, this region has experienced many political and military crises. The main actors in these crises are those political parties running or dominating the Kurdish region, specifically both parties the Democratic Party of Kurdistan (KDP), and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). After the collapse the Sadams’ regime in 2003, thanks to coalition forces under the leadership of the USA, all major Iraqi…
ERBIL, Kurdistan region — “We Muslims have a lot of problems with our religion for a lot of reasons,” the words of Sanger Najim, a young man living in Erbil, echo the sentiments of a growing population in the Kurdistan region who struggle with questions about their faith.