How well do you know the Mashreq? It is a video on diversity in the Mashreq region of West Asia and North Africa. The short video is produced by Mashreq Politics & Culture Journal (MPC Journal).
How Well Do You Know The Mashreq?
- Mashreq: is an Arabic word means “the place of the sunrise”, “Orient” or the “East”
- As of 2016, it is home for 3% of the global population (≈350 million) living in 17 countries with many different religions and a variety of ethnic and linguistic groups. These countries are:
Lebanon, Syria, Israel/Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Oman and Yemen. In the larger sense, it also includes Turkey Iran and Egypt.
- There are over 50 languages in the Mashreq. Most spoken languages are Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Hebrew, Kurdish, Armenian and Aramaic.
- The mashreq is the cradle of earliest ancient human civilisations such as Sumer, Akkad, Assyria, Babylonia, Palmyra, Ebla, Ugarit, Canaan, Aramea, Phoenicia, Hittite, Sassanid, Israel and ancient Egypt.
- Today there are around 30 ethnic groups: Arabs, Persians, Turks, Kurds, Amazigh, Copts, Druze, Jews, Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Balochs, Greeks, Mandeans, Samaritans, Shabaks and Yazidis etc.
- there are over 17 religions practised in the Mashreq region today such as Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Islam, Druze, Yazidism, Mandaeism, Yarsanism, Shabakism, Baha’i Faith and Ishikism.
- The Ottoman Empire occupied the Mashreq region for approximately 400 years until 1916, when European powers, namely France and Great Britain, divided the region into colonies according to Sykes-Picot treaty.
- It shouldn’t be surprising to find a multitude of different cultures coexisting in the Mashreq.
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Music by Alp Yenier/”Waiting Immigrant” by Reg Project Manuscript by Hakim Khatib Design by Ivan E. Rosado Publisher: Mashreq Politics & Culture Journal (MPC Journal)
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