Cultural Bridging in Amman – Grassroots Projects with Scarce Resources - MPC Journal @ Image: Hakim Khatib
Cultural Bridging in Amman – Grassroots Projects with Scarce Resources - MPC Journal @ Image: Hakim Khatib
Green Cultural Space Café Naqsh – © Image: MPC Journal/Hakim Khatib

JORDAN – While political conflicts have dominated almost all discourses around the region of West Asia, narratives on the region have remained ensnared by political and religious frameworks. Thus the people in West Asia remain entrapped within politically driven explanations to answer questions about peace and conflict, Islamism, authoritarianism, security, stability etc. Unfortunately, even cultural, historical, philosophical, psychological and archaeological aspects of human civilisation in this region were to a great extent framed to serve only political explanations. This has led to minimizing the complexity of the fabric of these societies.

Defying these rigid structures of categorization, local people in Jordan with very scarce resources are attempting to create, elevate and implement innovative ideas on very local levels. The aim is to raise awareness and develop new ways of thinking that might be the path forward not only for improving the lives of the people in the region but also for enhancing the cultural dialogue between the orient and the occident. The impact of such projects might still be barely noticeable on a macro-scale; yet their impact is significant on the micro-level in the Jordanian society.

Cultural space cafés, such as Naqsh [lit. Ornamentation] in the downtown Amman, are examples of such grassroots projects. Naqsh is a cultural space café founded by Yahya Abu Safi, a Palestinian refugee, 43, in 2014. The café rises on the remnants of an old house – built in 1919 and was abandoned for over 15 years– in the downtown of Amman.

With resources as scarce as hen’s teeth, Abu Safi initiated the restoration of the house in 2013. While several Jordanians volunteered to help in restoring the old house, some other Europeans and Asians joined the efforts later on. The project of Naqsh is a product of voluntary work of Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians, Japanese, French and Germans.

Cultural Bridging in Amman – Grassroots Projects with Scarce Resources
Charlotte Bodenmüller (left), an intern from Germany; Yahya Abu Safi (middle), the founder of Naqsh Café and Omar Maher (right), a voluntary worker at Naqsh café – © Image: MPC Journal/Hakim Khatib

The social and cultural value of Naqsh lies in promoting cultural exchange among the locals themselves and with foreigners.

“At the beginning when we were trying to restore the house, some locals used to show up and wonder about this strange idea – ‘a cultural café?’ they used to say”, Abu Safi told MPC Journal. “The idea of a cultural space café in ‘downtown Amman’ was very strange for the people then,” he added.

After the embarkation of the project, the café hosted several cultural events such as musical concerts, art exhibitions, theatre, poetry evenings and language exchange events.

“Many people started visiting our events, especially that this house is located in the middle between east Amman and west Amman,” he elucidated.

The capital of Amman is broadly divided into two dimensions of reality: West Amman is the lavishly rich, luxurious and expensive part of the city, whereas east Amman is the poor, repulsively squalid and miserable part of the city. While west Amman is populated by the high class of the Jordanian society – managers, diplomats, high-rank governmental officials and businessmen – infrastructure and public services, well-equipped schools and medical centres, although unduly expensive, are just at every corner. On the contrary, east Amman clearly suffers from a lack of facilities, crumbling infrastructure and public services and insufficient and poorly-equipped schools and medical centres.

“While Naqsh café is located in the middle of two widely different social classes, it offers a platform for an integrative involvement from both sides” Abu Safi explained, referring to the importance of cultural bridging not only between Jordanians and foreigners residing in Jordan but also among Jordanians themselves.

“We try to offer a space to all people from all walks of life,” Abu Safi said. “Many Jordanians and people from Africa, Asia and Europe visit our events regularly,” he added.

“This is a place for everyone, who believes in peace, hope and harmony.”

Naqsh is also working on setting up a library for the neighbourhood, and organising literary reading and musical sessions for the youth. In spite of the fact that most innovative projects are concentrated in west Amman, cultural projects in the Jordanian capital have been witnessing development in recent years. The development owes to people’s increasing awareness of cultural and social platforms on the one hand, and to the increase, although fluctuating, of tourism in the country on the other.

Cultural Bridging in Amman – Grassroots Projects with Scarce Resources - MPC Journal © Image: Hakim Khatib
The Café front yard – © Image: MPC Journal/Hakim Khatib

The impact of Naqsh on the youth seems to be positive, especially that several youngsters regularly visit the Naqsh café and use it as a space for, among other things, training and exchanging ideas. The group of Bushar [lit. popcorn] is a good example of young talents in Amman, who despite shortage of almost everything, they manage to improvise and rehearse at Naqsh café.

“Bushar is a group of 25 youngsters aimed at supporting young Arab talents. We focus on acting, singing, painting, stand-up comedy and playing music,” said Usama Nashwan, the manager of the talent group – Bushar.

The group of Bushar – which mainly consists of high school and university male students between 14 and 25 – “has a place to improve their talents and share their aspirations,” said Abduljabbar Al-Barqawi, a member of the Bushar group.

“Through our talents, we hope that we can contribute to the society by raising awareness and improving the quality of life of the Jordanian people,” Nashwan added, referring to the group’s active engagement in voluntary work. “Our goal is to build cultural bridges beyond the Jordanian borders and to show the world that we, too, have talented people,” Nashwan concluded.

Cultural exchange among people is a human aspect, which is difficult to exclusively frame as political or religious. By looking into the context of these emergent cultural projects across Jordan, we realise that the focus is neither on politics nor religion. In other words, there is much more into culture than just religion and politics.

Cultural Bridging in Amman – Grassroots Projects with Scarce Resources - MPC Journal © Image: Hakim Khatib
Members of Bushar group at Naqsh Café – © Image: MPC Journal/Momen Basem

By Hakim Charles

Hakim Charles studied political science of the Middle East, European Studies, journalism and linguistics. He has been lecturing at different German universities since 2011 on issues related to ideology and the interplay of power thereof in socio-political life, and religion and its relationship to contemporary politics in the regions of West Asia and North Africa, especially Egypt and Syria. He is also the editor-in-chief of the Mashreq Politics & Culture Journal (MPC Journal) since 2014 and has published over 100 articles in different languages, academic and otherwise, in a wide spectrum of on-line and printed newspapers, journals and think tanks. His current research focuses on Islam-inspired political ideologies such as Islamist extremism and Salafism, radicalisation, de-radicalisation processes in Germany as well as peace and conflict in the Middle East.

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